BJP president J.P. Nadda Accused Rahul Gandhi of trying to “divide the nation” and “demoralise” the armed forces during crucial situations, He on Tuesday, asked if it was the “effect” of the MoU (memorandum of Understanding) the Congress had signed with the Communist Party of China.
He cited, the close relationship between the Chinese leadership and the Congress party, especially Rahul Gandhi during the Doklam stand-off when Rahul Gandhi was caught secretly meeting Chinese officials.
Senior advocate Mahesh Jethmalani June 21st 2020, tweeted a 2008 photo of Sonia and Rahul Gandhi meeting then Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping and signing an agreement with Wang Jia Rui, Minister in the international department of the CPC in the presence of Sonia Gandhi and then Chinese Vice-President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Congress leader Anand Sharma was also part of the Indian delegation.
Meanwhile Congress Leaders including leader of Congress party in Lok Sabha – Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury in a tweet stated that the entire world was watching the sinister designs of China while calling them “Yellow expansionist”. Chowdhury also urged the Modi government to accord to diplomatic recognition to Taiwan “without much delay”.
The legitimacy of MoU
MOUs are usually signed by governments and corporates but the Congress party doing it with the CCP (Communist Party of China) seems odd at best.
Sonia Gandhi, who was also the chairperson of India’s ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA) went to China along with Rahul, daughter Priyanka, son-in-law Robert Vadra and their two children to attend the opening of the Olympic Games.
She also met the then Chinese President Hu Jintao that he was hosting for some of the world leaders who came for the inaugural ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games.
The MoU signed in in Beijing for exchanging high-level information and co-operation between two nations. Though argued it was strictly on the party-to-party basis yet both the parties were ruling their respective countries hence the MoU might have serious repercussions.
However, If any kind of understanding was signed with the Chinese why was the than Prime Minister Manmohan Singh not at the table?
BJP, with 303 seats in Lok Sabha being a party with majority rule have all the windows open to reverse the terms if found unacceptable however the accusations by JP Nadda appears to counter the attack by Rahul Gandhi on recent Galwan River Valley faceoff.
It is also to be noticed that while JP Nadda has put on many remarks against Congress, Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi yet he has not disclosed the sources or any other documentary proofs for such comments.
To that extent, till the MoU is not made public and inquired upon, the episode logically may well be tagged as political blame game with both the parties shooting the other other side.
Galwan River Valley Clashes, Aftereffects
China and India signed two bilateral agreements in 1996 and 2005, both of which said neither side shall use its military capability against the other side.
This fundamentally limited the scale of conflicts in the border area, and the provision had been upheld during the June 15 clash however Indian government now on Sunday gave “complete freedom of action” to Indian troops deployed along the China-India Line of Actual Control.
This means Indian commanders will not be restricted in using firearms.
Meanwhile Chinese counterparts cites “If this new approach is implemented and Indian troops shoot Chinese soldiers in the first place in future encounters, then the China-India border dispute will turn into a military conflict.”
Rahul Gandhi earlier cited a report by Chinese scribe Global Times, in which Beijing welcomed Modi’s comments on the border, made at the all-party meeting on Saturday, saying they would pave way for de-escalation of military tensions between the countries. “China killed our soldiers,” Gandhi wrote. “China took our land. Then, why is China praising Mr Modi during this conflict?”
Gandhi also attacked Modi again, alleging that satellite images have given the lie to the prime minister’s claim that Chinese troops did not cross into India. “The prime minister said – neither has anyone entered the country nor has anyone captured our territory,” the Congress leader tweeted, along with a clip from Aaj Tak. “But satellite images clearly show that China has captured Indian territory near Pangong Lake.”
1962, Indo-China War
Chinese military action grew increasingly aggressive after India rejected proposed Chinese diplomatic settlements throughout 1960–1962, with China re-commencing previously-banned “forward patrols” in Ladakh from 30 April 1962.
China finally abandoned all attempts of peaceful resolution on 20 October 1962, invading disputed territory along the 3,225 kilometre- (2,000-mile-) long Himalayan border in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line.
The war ended when China declared a ceasefire on 20 November 1962, and simultaneously announced its withdrawal to its claimed “Line of Actual Control”.
China’s recent comment on 1962 War
China argues, the two countries were of roughly equal strength in 1962, but today, China’s GDP is five times that of India, and China’s defense spending is more than triple India’s according to West estimates. China is a highly industrialized country, while India is still in the primary stage of industrialization. Most of China’s advanced weapons are manufactured domestically, but all of India’s advanced weapons are imported.
1967, Second Indo-China War
The Nathu La and Cho La clashes, also known as Second Sino-Indian War in 1967 the Indian forces achieved “decisive tactical advantage” and defeated the Chinese forces in these clashes. Many PLA fortifications at Nathu La were said to be destroyed, where the Indian troops drove back the attacking Chinese forces.
A debatable Viewpoint by Chinese Scholar on recent clashes
Lan Jianxue, an associate research fellow at the China Institute of International Studies said “New Delhi has been drawn into territorial conflicts and disputes with China, Pakistan and Nepal due to the expansionism and inflated nationalism promoted by the Indian government.”
Further, “India thought China might not respond strongly to their border issue as China is busy containing the COVID-19 pandemic and dealing with the deterioration of China-US relations, which misestimated the current international situation, its own national strength and China’s determination to safeguard its territory, thus ending up suffering painful consequences.”
He also cites, “Modi’s administration is trying to manipulate border conflicts with neighboring states to deflect Indian people’s dissatisfaction from real domestic issues, such as inadequate control of the coronavirus pandemic, difficulty of work and production resumption, and slowing economy, as well as rising prices of raw materials and oil,
Chinese encroachment along LAC between 2010-14
The results for general election, 2014 declared in May 2014 mandated the BJP to form the government.
In Rajya Sabha, a question submitted to the Home ministry, also on 13th August, 2014 (unstarred question 3776), requested details about the specific “number of times the Chinese intruded into Indian territory during the last five years.” The answer, which routed through Shri Kiran Rijiju, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, which focuses on transgressions due to differing perceptions of the border, is quite revealing
|Year||Number of Transgressions|
|2014* (as on August 2014)||334|
This implies BJP government is well aware of the fact that China’s intrusion along border is not new and the answer to the question is submitted only after BJP had formed government prior 3 months. In this context, there was and is nothing which may block the BJP government to counter such actions by China let alone the Non Official MoU’s like JP Nadda cited in a tweet.
Indo-China on Economic front
Dainik Bhaskar on Tuesday, panned the escalating investments by China in India since BJP assumed power which increased manifolds by now. It increased 22 times since than only to expanded abnormally to Rs. 25,536 Cr vis a vis Rs. 2280 in 2012.
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